People and customs:
Nepal comprises a complex society which for the most part may be divided into Indo- Aryan, Mongolian and Tibetan groups. In the distribution of these racial types we see reflection of the difference of climate and region delivering from 100m to 8000m above sea level as well as the geographical limitation of living in a country where 86 percent of land is hills and mountain. The rice cultivators – Brahman, Chhetri and Tharu clan are mainly in the lowlands. In the mountains of eastern Nepal where rice and paddy cultivation is practiced by the Rai and Limbu clans. In central Nepal the Tamang, Gurung and Magar clans have opened up the mountainsides from 1500m to 2500m for cultivation.In paddies they grow ragi ( Cereal grain), millet, and barley while the Gurungs and Magars also raise buffalo and sheep.
In the high foothills of the Himalayas are the famous Sherpas and those descended from Tibetian strains. Cultivated land is scarce, the main items grown include potatoes and buckwheat. Most domesticate yaks and sheep obtaining various products from them.
Since ancient times, the Newars bearers of Nepalese culture – have lived in the Kathmandu valley while Thakalis, lived in the banks of Kali Gandaki river. The tribes and their religious beliefs do not follow any set pattern. Generally, those in the lowlands are Hindus and the Tibetan strains it the highest areas ae lamas.
Nepal understanding through and understanding of life and customs. First, you must accept and understand the tranquil, unhurried lifestyle.